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Cryptocurrency Basics: What it is and How to Learn More

Understanding how cryptocurrency basics and who created and controlled them is crucial for investors to make informed investment decisions. Together with this, do you know what cryptocurrencies are used for?

You might go with numerous questions related to Cryptocurrency. Since cryptocurrencies are launched, people have shown immense interest in them. However, before moving further, you should know about the risks included in crypto investing and also be mindful of scams.

Looking to understand cryptocurrencies from scratch? Stay with us in this article and get a better understanding of this market.

What is Cryptocurrency?

Cryptocurrency is a digital or virtual currency used as a medium of exchange. Users can buy, trade, or use them to purchase goods and services. Cryptocurrencies are based on cryptography, which makes them secure and complex to counterfeit.

Unlike traditional fiat currencies that are controlled by the central governments, cryptocurrencies are not regulated by any monetary authorities such as the central bank. As a result, many cryptocurrencies are in the ecosystem, which can also be used as an investment for the short term or long term.

Cryptocurrencies are the alternative to traditional financial systems, providing users better control over their funds and making the whole transaction process smooth.

It is a peer-to-peer system, enabling users worldwide to send or accept payments anywhere. Rather than carrying physical money, the world is switching to digital currencies to describe database-specific transactions online rather than carrying physical money.

Whenever you are transferring your funds, they will be recorded in the public ledger. All the currencies are stored in wallets and use encryption to verify all the transactions. The main aim of encryption is to provide more security.

Encryption involves advanced coding, which transmits cryptocurrency data between wallets and the public ledger.

Key Takeaways:

  • Cryptocurrencies are digital assets that run on a Blockchain network.
  • Bitcoin and Ethereum are the most popular cryptocurrencies with the highest market capitalization.
  • Investing in cryptocurrencies is always risky because the market is highly volatile.
  • Cryptocurrencies include quick and cheaper transactions, and the decentralized system ensures no collapse at a single point of failure.

How does Cryptocurrency work?

Cryptocurrencies use Blockchain Technology to record all transactions securely in a transparent manner. The ledger is maintained by the group of validators who work together and add them to the Blockchain.

When a person sends Cryptocurrency to another, the transaction gets verified by multiple nodes. Once the transaction is confirmed, it will be added to Blockchain and will never get altered. These transactions are permanent; it will be difficult for anyone to manipulate them.

Each Cryptocurrency comes with its features, but all of them are secured with cryptography to ensure the transactions and create new units.

Cryptocurrencies are intangible, so if you have a cryptocurrency, you own a key that can move from one person to another without needing any third party.

Bitcoin has been in the market since 2009, Blockchain technology is still emerging, and more users can participate in this evolution. Even stocks, bonds, and financial assets can be traded using this technology.

How many cryptocurrencies are there?

As per some research and data, we found more than 22,000 cryptocurrencies in the market with different functionalities. At present, the global market cap of Cryptocurrency is $1.12 trillion.

Bitcoin is the first Cryptocurrency launched in 2099 to become an alternative way of decentralized and digital money. Many people use cryptocurrencies to create games and earn rewards, while some design them to facilitate payments.

Some cryptocurrencies have billions of dollars in market value, while some are worthless. You don’t need to get confused if you are looking to buy cryptocurrencies because you need to invest in crypto having a good training volume with an enlightening market cap.

Buying any crypto doesn’t assure success in a volatile space. So, you need to be very careful while trading in cryptocurrencies.

Are Cryptocurrencies secure?

Cryptocurrencies have influenced people and gathered much attention in the past few years. Still, many people have a query regardless of whether the platform is secure.

Well, cryptocurrencies are digital currencies similar to traditional currencies, which can be used to buy or sell goods and services. However, cryptocurrencies offer financial services which are immensely secure and provide more efficiency than traditional payment systems.

Still, there is a lot of uncertainty surrounding the security of cryptocurrencies because of their decentralized nature and no government oversight. As a result, many scammers find opportunities to deceive investors, but there are specific ways to prevent such mishappenings.

You need to be very careful while dealing with cryptocurrencies. Here, you should have some certainty that Cryptocurrency is not a scam.

Are NFTs cryptocurrencies?

Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs) have become an increasingly popular asset class in Cryptocurrency. They are digital assets representing ownership of a unique item, such as artwork or music. While they are similar to cryptocurrencies in some ways, NFTs have not been considered a type of Cryptocurrency.

Cryptocurrency exchanges do not list NFTs on their platforms, as they are not considered a type of Cryptocurrency. Instead, NFTs can be traded on specialized exchanges or platforms designed to sell these tokens.

It is essential to understand the differences between cryptocurrencies and NFTs to make informed decisions when investing in either. Both offer potential opportunities for investors, but it is necessary to understand the risks and rewards associated with each asset class before making any investments.

Are Cryptocurrencies a good investment?

With cryptocurrencies gaining much traction in the past few years, investors are wondering whether cryptocurrencies are a good investment.

Investors can start buying or selling cryptocurrencies on cryptocurrency exchanges. These exchanges use different algorithms, such as proof of stake and proof of work, to ensure the security and reliability of the transactions that users are making.

Well, investing in cryptocurrencies can be a risky approach due to their volatile price movements. However, it can be gratifying if done correctly by taking effective risk management measures. Therefore, you should consider some relevant factors before investing in cryptocurrencies.

The best thing would be to do homework before coming to this market. For example, consulting with a financial advisor who knows cryptocurrencies can also be viable.

If you recognize a growth in the price of crypto, you may understand that the market is establishing. Cryptocurrencies also have a white paper, ensuring how they will work and distribute tokens.

Pros and Cons of Cryptocurrency


  • Cryptocurrency removes the authority of central banks to manage it because central banks reduce the value of money during inflation.
  • Cryptocurrency runs on Blockchain technology, which runs on decentralized mechanisms and makes the payment process more secure and transparent than traditional payment systems.
  • Here, cryptocurrencies offer an opportunity to earn a passive income through crypto staking. The staking involves using Cryptocurrency to verify transactions on its protocol. It helps to grow your crypto holdings without buying them more.


  • Many cryptocurrency projects are not even tested, and blockchain technology has yet to gain wide adoption. If the underlying technology behind its protocol didn’t reach its potential, the investors would never get the return they have always hoped for.
  • The crypto market is highly volatile and never seems beneficial for short-term investors. During the crypto crash, the market crash has greatly lost many people, and new investors are afraid to enter this ecosystem.
  • Bitcoin mining uses more power than US residential lightning, a big demerit of this Cryptocurrency.
  • The government has never reckoned cryptocurrencies about how to handle them. The regulatory changes and cracks down can bring the market in any direction.

Cryptocurrency Legal and Tax Issues

There’s still a question about cryptocurrency legalities. Well, it is legal in the US, and China has banned its use in their country. Every country has different rules about cryptocurrencies. Knowing how crypto is taxed and what you can buy with it is essential. 

  • Legal Tender

Cryptocurrencies differ from traditional currencies, and countries worldwide are taking different approaches to Cryptocurrency. For example, in 2021, El Salvador became the first to accept Bitcoin as legal tender, while China announced it would launch its Cryptocurrency.

In the US, what you buy with Cryptocurrency mainly depends on the seller’s preference whether they accept it or not.

  • Crypto Taxes

Cryptocurrencies are taxed as property in the US rather than just currency. So when you sell them, you need to pay tax on capital gains or the difference between the buy and sale price.

Even if you receive crypto as a payment or a reward, you will have to pay the tax on the value you receive that time.


Cryptocurrency investment is a highly debated topic, and it is worth understanding to make informed decisions about investments. If you have decided to make investments, tie your seat belt and start doing some technical analysis.

You should start learning about crypto wallets and exchanges and start learning about more use cases. But always do it reasonably because the crypto market is risky, and regulations are still evolving.


Q. How does Blockchain work?

Ans. Blockchain consists of blocks of information containing all the transactions’ data. The blocks, linked using cryptography techniques, create a chain of data. It is much harder for hackers to tamper with or alter the data stored on the Blockchain. The changes would be easily visible to the participants in the network.

Q. How do you mine Cryptocurrency?

Ans. Mining cryptocurrency can be possible only for a proof-of-stake mechanism such as Bitcoin. Earlier, Bitcoin Mining could be done with normal computers, but today it requires some efficient hardware and software to do heavy calculations all the time. Many miners use the entire warehouse with all the necessary equipment to collect rewards.

Q. What is the point of Cryptocurrency?

Ans. Cryptocurrencies are the new form of money that makes financial services smooth and cheaper. In addition, this technology helps make the whole system decentralized by making transactions between one party and another independently.

Q. What’s the working procedure of Cryptocurrency?

Ans. Cryptocurrencies use decentralized technology to secure the payment process and remove the involvement of the central bank or other authorities.