Bitcoin transactions

Why do Bitcoin Transactions confirmations take so long?

The popularity of Bitcoin is rising at a rapid pace, even amidst some severe global tensions. Eventually, Bitcoin will be the most popular and valuable cryptocurrency, which will be around for a while. However, everything has some flaws, and for now, Bitcoin transactions speed is incredibly high, and it is the central issue for many people.

Isn’t it frustrating to wait for so long to complete the transactions? What factors are responsible for high Bitcoin transaction time? We will cover everything in this article and familiarize you with the instances you may face.

Due to the increased demand for cryptocurrency, Bitcoin transactions are taking much longer than usual. When performing a Bitcoin transaction, miners must broadcast and validate it to the network.

The miners then check the public key associated with your wallet address, verify that you have sufficient funds, and sign off on the transaction.

This process can take anywhere from a few minutes to several hours, depending on how busy the Bitcoin network is at any given time.

Additionally, if you are trying to receive Bitcoin from someone else, they will need to sign off on their end of the transaction before it can be approved. Before moving further, let us understand how Bitcoin transactions work.

How do Bitcoin Transactions work?

The network nodes verify all the Bitcoin transactions with the help of cryptography. Then, all the transactions are recorded on Blockchain; the process looks straightforward but complex.

A few steps need to be performed to complete the transaction and make it successful. Once all the steps are performed, the receiver will get the amount. These elements followed using Bitcoin Wallet and network to complete the transaction.

  • The Bitcoin address of the sender
  • Bitcoin address of the receiver
  • Amount of Bitcoin to be sent

The Bitcoin addresses of both parties are required, and these transactions are secured into blocks. These transactions are not encrypted, meaning they can be viewed by searching.

People should also know about the output of crypto. Unspent Transaction Outputs (UTXOs) are the fundamental building blocks of cryptocurrency. UTXOs are data that represent some amount of cryptocurrency, and they are sent from one address to another to transfer funds.

UTXOs can be thought of as the output of a transaction, and they are the only way to spend cryptocurrencies included in the Blockchain. Miners use hashes and prevent double-spending, providing an easy way for users to keep track of their funds. Digital Signatures also ensure that the message’s sender is the actual sender.

Factors influencing Bitcoin Transactions-

Certain factors influence the period of Bitcoin transactions. Let us know about some of those factors.


The most important thing to note is that the Bitcoin network has to suffer from Scalability issues. In general, a single block has a capacity of up to 4MB, while most Bitcoin blocks are around 1-1.5 MB and cannot store more transactions because other cryptocurrencies use the blocks.

Because of these swatches, the Bitcoin transactions are stuck into a Mempool, a waiting room where all the pending transactions are transferred.

It means that the speed of transactions could be faster than it is, which can be a source of frustration for users. The leading cause of these scalability issues is using private keys to sign transactions.

Private keys are used to authenticate Bitcoin transactions, but they also slow down the process due to their complex nature. As a result, Bitcoin transactions suffer speed problems when compared to other payment methods such as credit cards or PayPal.

To solve this issue, developers have been working on solutions that can make Bitcoin transactions faster and more efficient.

Transaction Fees

The transaction fee also plays an integral role in slowing down the process of Bitcoin transactions. Whenever we make any transaction, we opt for the lowest fee possible but choosing a low fee will make you a low priority for miners.

Here, Bitcoin miners are responsible for creating and verifying new blocks. They get paid for the transaction fee of the users, and they are not forced to verify every number of transactions they encounter. The miners will not prefer you if you are keen to pay a lower fee because it doesn’t give them any financial benefits.

That’s why Bitcoin users end up paying high fees. A person paying a high transaction fee will get their transaction processed quickly. We know it is unfair, but the Bitcoin community explains it. It doesn’t mean that your transactions will be in the Mempool forever; it will take longer to finalize.

Hash Rate

Another important factor impacting the speed of Bitcoin transactions is the need for more miners. The availability of the miners makes a considerable impact, and miners can’t validate every single transaction on a new block.

Moreover, miners only take more interest if they are getting good returns. So the miners have to make strenuous efforts, and they will only be interested if they get good results.

So, if the hash rate decreases, there need to be more miners who can mine new blocks and confirm every single transaction. It is a genuine concern that keeps many transactions in the Mempool for longer.

Network Load

We all are aware of the popularity of Bitcoin all over the globe. But, unfortunately, its popularity is increasing the total number of transactions, increasing the network load. Currently, the transaction load needs to be lowered, and the miners need help verifying every transaction.

Unfortunately, this also led to an increase in the price of Bitcoin fees. To reduce transaction fees and time, Bitcoin has also launched a two-layer solution, Lightning Network, if it is not an encompassing solution to mitigate Bitcoin transaction fees.


The bitcoin network is a peer-to-peer network, which means that transactions usually occur directly between bitcoin wallets. However, a significant transaction is sent from one party to another. In that case, it may take a little longer to confirm because it may need to be approved by miners, which is a crucial task to initiate the process.

This article helped give you insight into Bitcoin confirmations and why they take longer than expected to confirm. You can reach us anytime if you’re looking for more information on Bitcoin confirmations or anything related to Bitcoin and digital currencies.


Q. How long does a Bitcoin transaction take?

Ans. The Bitcoin transactions need to go through six confirmation rounds, which will take around 1-1.5 hours to complete.

Q. What’s the longest time that a Bitcoin transaction can take?

Ans. The minimum time for a Bitcoin transaction is just two minutes, while the longest will take 6 hours.

Q. Why is my transaction still pending on the Blockchain?

Ans. The transaction may show pending status due to the following reasons-

  • The transaction is still pending.
  • Sent the amount to the wrong address
  • The transaction may involve another Blockchain
  • The transaction got failed

Q. How do crypto signatures work?

Ans. Cryptographic signatures are an essential part of the cryptocurrency system. They provide a way for users to prove ownership of their coins and securely transfer them from one person to another.

Crypto signatures take multiple inputs, such as public, private, and digital signatures, and combine them into a single output. This output is then used to verify the authenticity of the transaction.